MORAVEC Pavel The Institute of Chemical Process Fundamentals AS CR, v.v.i.

Generation of TiO2 Nanoparticles for Follow-up Inhalation Experiments with Laboratory Animals

Co-authors SCHWARZ Jaroslav, VODIČKA Petr, KOŠTEJN Martin

A method of TiO2 nanoparticle generation appropriate for follow-up long lasting inhalation experiments with laboratory animals was tested. Nanoparticles were synthesized in an externally heated tube reactor using titanium tetraisopropoxide as a precursor. Total 264 hours of particle generation in four experimental campaigns was performed with one batch of precursor without observable decrease of precursor volatility. Particle production was studied in wide range of experimental conditions such as reactor temperature, reactor flow rate and precursor vapor pressure by pyrolysis, using nitrogen as a carrier gas, and also in oxidizing atmosphere (10 vol. % of oxygen in the reaction mixture). Particle characteristics were investigated by scanning/transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectroscopy, inductively coupled plasma – optical emission spectrometry, elemental and organic carbon analyzer, X-ray diffraction and X-ray photoelectron spectrometry. As a result, particle production with number concentration high above 1.0 x 107 #/cm3 and with primary particle size well below 50 nm can be easily achieved in most of investigated experimental conditions. Particles are free of elemental carbon, content of organic carbon is less than 10 weight %, detected crystalline phase is typically anatase, Ti is present in bonds Ti-O (TiO2) and total Ti concentration recalculated on TiO2 is approximately 80 mass %.